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心理护理联合健康教育对于老年眼科手术患者的影响分析

  • 邓婕

* 通信作者: 邓婕, 单位:郑州大学第一附属医院眼科

摘要

[
目的]探讨研究心理护理联合健康教育对于老年眼科手术患者的影响。[

方法]以2018年3月--2019年4月为时间段,选择我院收治的70例老年眼科手术患者,随机分成2组,各组占35例。对照组施以常规护理,研究组在常规护理的同时给予心理护理+健康教育。对比观察两组患者护理干预前后的心理状态,统计患者并发症,并且调查患者对疾病知识的掌握程度与护理满意度,评价患者生活质量。[

结果]第一,研究组护理干预后的SAS评分、SDS评分低于对照组,二组比较有统计学差异(P<0.05);第二,研究组1例出现并发症,对照组6例出现并发症,二组比较有统计学差异(P<0.05);第三,研究组干预后对疾病知识的掌握评分比对照组高,数据比较,有统计学差异(P<0.05);第四,研究组的护理满意度高于对照组,二组有统计学差异(P<0.05);研究组生活质量评分比对照组高(P<0.05)。[

结论]老年眼科手术患者护理中,配合心理护理与健康教育,作用显著,建议推广应用。

关键词:心理护理;健康教育;老年;眼科手术;影响

ABSTRACT

[
Objective] To explore the effect of psychological nursing combined with health education on elderly patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery. [

Methods] From March 2018 to April 2019, 70 elderly patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery in our hospital were selected and randomly divided into two groups with 35 cases in each group. The control group was given routine nursing, while the research group was given psychological nursing and health education at the same time. The mental state of patients before and after nursing intervention was observed, and the complications were counted. The mastery of disease knowledge and nursing satisfaction of patients were investigated, and the quality of life of patients was evaluated. [Result] Firstly, the SAS and SDS scores of the study group after nursing intervention were lower than those of the control group, and there were statistical differences between the two groups (P < 0.05). Secondly, one case in the study group had complications, and six cases in the control group had complications. There were statistical differences between the two groups (P < 0.05). Thirdly, the mastery and evaluation of disease knowledge in the study group after intervention. The score of the study group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). Fourth, the nursing satisfaction of the study group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). The quality of life score of the study group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). [

Conclusion  ] Psychological nursing and health education play an important role in the nursing of elderly patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery. It is suggested that they be popularized and applied.

Key words: psychological nursing; health education; old age; ophthalmic surgery; influence

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

邓婕.心理护理联合健康教育对于老年眼科手术患者的影响分析[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2019, 46(6): 1134-1136

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