本刊首页 > 期刊目次 > 慢性精神分裂症患者认知功能的影响因素研究

• 文章 •

慢性精神分裂症患者认知功能的影响因素研究

  • 杨志磊,项琼,高存友,张静

* 通信作者: 张静, 单位:上海市嘉定区精神卫生中心

摘要


目的 探讨慢性精神分裂症患者认知功能各维度的影响及相关因素。

方法 对上海市嘉定区某精神专科医院312例住院精神分裂症患者,其中长期住院组186例,短期住院组126例,采集一般资料,应用认知功能成套测验-共识版进行认知功能水平测试,比较两组间的差异,并进行相关性分析。

结果 ⑴与短期住院组相比,长期住院组患者在连线测验,空间广度、语义流畅性、符号编码及迷宫等测验项目得分较低,其中连线测验、空间广度、语义流畅性及符号编码两组差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);(2)连线测验、空间广度与年龄及住院时间具有相关性(P<0.01),而语义流畅性、符号编码与家属探视频率有相关性(P<0.05)。

结论 长期住院的慢性精神分裂症患者认知功能受损,年龄越大,住院时间越长,家属探视越少的患者损害越严重。

关键词:精神分裂症 长期住院 认知功能损害

ABSTRACT


Objective To explore the influence of cognitive function and related factors in patients with chronic schizophrenia.

Methods 312 hospitalized schizophrenic patients of Shanghai city Jiading District a psychiatric hospital, including long-term hospitalization group 186 cases, short-term hospitalization group 126 cases, the general data acquisition and application of cognitive test battery - consensus version of the level of cognitive function test, compare the difference between the two groups, and the correlation analysis.

Results (1)Compared with short-term hospitalization, long-term hospitalization patients in line test, spatial span, semantic fluency, symbol encoding and maze test items with lower scores, there were significant differences between the two groups connection test, spatial span, semantic fluency and symbol encoding (P<0.01); (2) Correlation analysis showde that the score of connection test, space the breadth was related to age and duration of hospitalization(P<0.01), the semantic fluency, symbol encoding has been found to be positively correlated with family visitation frequency correlation (P<0.05).

Conclusion   Long term hospitalized has increased the impairment of cognitive function in patients with chronic schizophrenia, and the effects increased with the age, longer course of the disease, and less family visitation.

Key words: Schizophrenia Hospitalization Cognitive function impairment

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

杨志磊,项琼,高存友,张静.慢性精神分裂症患者认知功能的影响因素研究[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, , (): -

参考文献

相关文章