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观察糖尿病前期患者采用循证护理模式的干预效果

  • 许丹

* 通信作者: 许丹, 单位:南方医科大学附属中山博爱医院 528400

摘要


目的 观察循证护理模式对糖尿病前期血糖水平的影响;

方法 依据世界卫生组织1999年确定的空腹血糖受损(IGF)和餐后2小时血糖的糖耐量异常(IGT)患者103例,随机分为观察组(循证模式护理组)和对照组(一般护理教育组),进行一般资料和空腹血糖、果糖胺、餐后2小时血糖及糖化血红蛋白及患者生活、生存质量调查表评估,3个月后再次对上述生化指标和生活生存质量量化分值统计比较;

结果 观察组在空腹血糖受损和糖耐量异常方面的改善优于对照组(*P<0.001),在生活、生存质量等健康状况方面的改善效果优于对照组(*P<0.001, △P<0.05);

结论 循证护理模式对糖尿病前期患者的血糖和心理调节、指导方式能很好的阻止部分边缘糖尿病患者进展成糖尿病具有重要意义。

关键词:循证护理模式;糖尿病前期;空腹血糖受;损糖耐量异常;SF-36;生存质量

ABSTRACT


Objective To observe the effect of evidence-based nursing mode on pre-diabetes blood glucose levels.

Methods According to the World Health Organization's 1999 assessment of fasting glucose impaired (IGF) and postprandial 2-hour glucose impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) patients, 103 cases were randomly assigned. For the observation group (evidence-based care group) and the control group (general nursing education group), general information and fasting blood glucose, fructosamine, 2 hours postprandial blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin, and patient life and quality of life questionnaire were evaluated.

Results The above biochemical indicators and the quality of life quality were statistically compared. The results of the observation group were better than the control group in the improvement of impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance (*P<0.001). The improvement effect of health status is better than that of the control group (*P<0.001, △P<0.05).

Conclusion   The evidence-based nursing model is of great significance to the blood sugar and psychological regulation and guidance of prediabetic patients.

Key words: evidence-based nursing mode; prediabetes; fasting blood glucose; impaired glucose tolerance; SF-36; quality of life

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

许丹.观察糖尿病前期患者采用循证护理模式的干预效果[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, , (): -

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