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产后抑郁患者采用个性化心理干预的护理效果及相关因素分析

  • 王艳华,张丽国,董艳娟

* 通信作者: 王艳华, 单位:辽宁省调兵山市铁法煤业集团总医院产科

摘要

【摘要】
目的 对产后发生抑郁的危险因素进行研究,并对已经发生产后抑郁的产妇进行个性化心理干预,对效果个性化心理干预的效果进行研究。

方法 以2014年1月-2015年6月到我院就诊的孕产妇共402例作为本次研究的研究对象。根据产妇时候发生了产后抑郁将产妇分为两组,分为被非抑郁组(320例)和抑郁组(82例),进行产后抑郁发生危险因素的研究,然后将抑郁组分为两组,分别为对照组(41例)和观察组(41例)。采用单因素分析法和logistic回归分析对产后发生抑郁的危险因素进行分析,并对个性化心理干预的护理效果进行分析。

结果 ,教育程度比较低的产妇、没有职业的产妇、对居住条件不满意、新生儿性别是女性以及医务工作者的工作态度一般的产妇均比较容易发生产后抑郁,且均有P<0.05,差异具有统计学意义。而不同年龄、不同经济水平和是否母乳喂养的产妇发生抑郁的概率差异无统计学意义,P>0.05。观察组的EPDS评分高于对照组,且P<0.05,差异具有统计学意义。观察组的EPDS评分高于对照组,且P<0.05,差异具有统计学意义。

结论 根据产后抑郁发生的危险因素对产后抑郁患者进行个性化的护理干预有利于减轻产妇的抑郁程度。

关键词:【关键词】产后抑郁;心理干预;个性化心理干预

ABSTRACT

[Abstract]
Objective To study the risk factors of postpartum depression, and to have postpartum depression were individualized psychological intervention, to study the effect of individualized psychologicalå intervention effect.

Methods -2015 in January 2014 June in our hospital 402 cases as the research object. According to maternal occurred postpartum depression will women were divided into two groups, divided into is non depression group (32 cases) and depression group (82 cases), study of postpartum depression risk factors, then the depressive group were divided into two groups, respectively, the control group (41 cases) and observation group (41 cases). By the method of single factor analysis and logistic regression analysis of risk factors for postpartum depression were analyzed, and analyze the nursing effect of individualized psychological intervention. Maternal result, education level is relatively low, there is no maternal occupation, the living conditions are not satisfied, newborn sex is women and maternal medical workers working attitude are more prone to yield depression and were p < 0.05, the difference is statistically significant. Different age, different economic level and whether the difference in probability of breastfeeding maternal depression was not statistically significant, P>0.05. The EPDS score in the observation group than the control group, and P<0.05, the difference was statistically significant. The EPDS score in the observation group than the control group, and P<0.05, the difference was statistically significant.

Conclusion   individualized nursing intervention on postpartum depression patients according to the risk factors of postpartum depression can reduce maternal depression.

Key words: [Key words] Postpartum Depression; psychological intervention; individualized psychological intervention

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

王艳华,张丽国,董艳娟.产后抑郁患者采用个性化心理干预的护理效果及相关因素分析[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, , (): -

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