本刊首页 > 期刊目次 > 心理健康教育干预对孕期焦虑抑郁及产后抑郁的作用分析

• 文章 •

心理健康教育干预对孕期焦虑抑郁及产后抑郁的作用分析

  • 王薇,谢雪玲,庄梅红,蔡婷婷

* 通信作者: 谢雪玲, 单位:福建省泉州市180医院妇儿科

摘要

摘要
目的 探讨心理健康教育干预对孕期焦虑抑郁及产后抑郁的作用。

方法 比较我院实施心理健康教育干预后264例孕产妇(实验组)及实施心理健康教育干预前252例孕产妇(对照组)妊娠期间焦虑抑郁情况及产后抑郁情况。

结果 两组孕产妇妊娠24~26周、妊娠30~32周、妊娠38~40周SAS、SDS评分均明显低于同组干预前,有统计学差异(P<0.05);实验组孕产妇妊娠24~26周、妊娠30~32周、妊娠38~40周SAS、SDS评分均明显低于对照组,有统计学差异(P<0.05);实验组孕产妇妊娠24~40周焦虑、抑郁症状发生率均明显低于对照组,有统计学差异(P<0.05),孕产妇妊娠期焦虑、抑郁主要发生在妊娠38~40周;实验组孕产妇产后1周、1个月及3个月EPDS评分均明显低于对照组,有统计学差异(P<0.05);实验组孕产妇产后抑郁发生率明显低于对照组,有统计学差异(P<0.05),孕产妇产后抑郁主要发生在产后1周。

结论 在围产期对孕产妇实施心理健康教育干预能够有效降低孕期焦虑抑郁及产后抑郁的发生风险。

关键词:关键词 心理健康教育;孕期;产后;焦虑;抑郁

ABSTRACT

Abstract
Objective To explore the effects for the patients with anxiety depression during pregnancy and postnatal depression.

Methods 264 cases of maternal were cared by model of psychological health education, 252 cases of maternal were not cared by model of psychological health education, the anxiety depression and postnatal depression were compared.

Results The scores of SAS, SDS on 24~26 weeks, 30~32 weeks, 38~40 weeks were lower than before preintervention(P<0.05); The scores of SAS, SDS for the experiment group on 24~26 weeks, 30~32 weeks, 38~40 weeks were lower than the control group(P<0.05); The rate of anxiety and depression for the experiment group were lower than the control group(P<0.05); Maternal pregnancy anxiety, depression, mainly in 38 ~ 40 weeks of gestation; The scores of EPDS for the experiment group were lower than the control group(P<0.05); The rate of depression for the experiment group were lower than the control group(P<0.05); Maternal postpartum depression mainly in postnatal 1 week.

Conclusion   It can reduce the occurrence of anxiety depression during pregnancy and postpartum depression risk for the patients with anxiety depression during pregnancy and postnatal depression.

Key words: Keywords psychological health and education; pregnant; postpartum; anxiety; depression

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

王薇,谢雪玲,庄梅红,蔡婷婷.心理健康教育干预对孕期焦虑抑郁及产后抑郁的作用分析[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2016, 43(5): 920-922

参考文献

相关文章