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临床护理路径对长期住院精神分裂症患者康复的影响

  • 于福荣,徐领芹,侯建民,周秋华

* 通信作者: 于福荣, 单位:山东省烟台市莱州荣军医院

摘要


目的 探讨临床护理路径对长期住院精神分裂症患者症状和日常生活能力的影响。

方法  将我院住院时间5年以上的78名精神分裂症患者随机分成研究组(39例)和对照组(39例),对研 究组执行临床护理路径,对照组仅给予常规护理。采用简明精神病评定量表(BPRS)及日常生活能 力量表(ADL),对两组患者分别于入组时及入组第3、6、12个月末进行评定。

结果 研究后第3个 月末起研究组ADL量表评分低于对照组(P <0.01)。研究后第6个月末起研究组BPRS量表评分低于 对照组(P <0.01)。

结论 临床护理路径能够改善长期住院精神分裂症患者的症状和日常生活能力。

关键词:临床护理路径;长期住院精神分裂症;康复

ABSTRACT


Objective Toinvestigatetheeffect of clinical nursingpathwayinpatientswithlong-termhospi- To investigate the effect of clinical nursing pathway in patients with long-term hospi-talization schizophrenia.

Methods Inourhospital staymorethan5yearsof 78schizophreniapatientswererandomly In our hospital stay more than 5 years of 78 schizophrenia patients were randomly divided into research group(n=39)andcontrol group(n=39),Thereseachgroupwasgivenclinical nursingpathway, (n=39)andcontrol group(n=39),Thereseachgroupwasgivenclinical nursingpathway, 39)andcontrol group(n=39),Thereseachgroupwasgivenclinical nursingpathway, )andcontrol group(n=39),Thereseachgroupwasgivenclinical nursingpathway, and control group(n=39),Thereseachgroupwasgivenclinical nursingpathway, (n=39),Thereseachgroupwasgivenclinical nursingpathway, 39),Thereseachgroupwasgivenclinical nursingpathway, ),Thereseachgroupwasgivenclinical nursingpathway, The reseach group was given clinical nursing pathway, while thecontrol grouponlygivenroutinecare. Usingthebrief psychiatricratingscale(BPRS)anddailylifescale the control group only given routine care. Using the brief psychiatric rating scale(BPRS)anddailylifescale (BPRS)anddailylifescale BPRS)anddailylifescale )anddailylifescale and daily life scale (ADL),respectivelyontwogroupsof patientsat 3,6,12monthwereassessed. ADL),respectivelyontwogroupsof patientsat 3,6,12monthwereassessed. ),respectivelyontwogroupsof patientsat 3,6,12monthwereassessed. respectively on two groups of patients at 3,6,12monthwereassessed. ,6,12monthwereassessed. 6,12monthwereassessed. ,12monthwereassessed. 12 month were assessed.

Results After3months, theADL After 3 months, the ADL scale score of reseach group is lower than the control group(P < 0.01). AfterthesixthmonththeBPRSratingscaleof ). AfterthesixthmonththeBPRSratingscaleof . After the sixth month the BPRS rating scale of reseach group is lower than the control group(P < 0.01). ).

Conclusion   Clinical nursingpathcanimprovethesymp- Clinical nursing path can improve the symp-toms and daily life ability in long-term hospitalization of patients with schizophrenia.

Key words: singpathway;Long-termHospitalizationSchizophrenia;Rehabilitation Clinical nursing pathway;

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

于福荣,徐领芹,侯建民,周秋华.临床护理路径对长期住院精神分裂症患者康复的影响[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2016, 43(2): 322-323

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