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社区医院长期住院患者的心理状态调查

  • 杨晓英,厉燕,项溢,陈燕

* 通信作者: 项溢, 单位:上海市浦东新区高桥社区卫生服务中心

摘要

摘 要:
目的 社区医院长期住院的患者以肿瘤终末期患者为主。长期住院患者的心理变化,心理状态对疾病有着重要的影响。因此,对长期住院患者不同心理状态的了解,及采取相应的心理护理,正面、积极的心理在病症恢复速度上发挥着重要作用。医护人员可通过对患者心理变化的掌握,通过适当的心理护理措施,对患者提供更好的帮助和指导。探讨社区医院长期住院患者的心理状态,分析其不良心理状态的类型、原因及其应对策略。

方法 通过对84例长期住院患者与87例门诊治疗的患者进行问卷调查法。通过焦虑自评量表,老年抑郁量表进行评估。

结果 长期住院患者的焦虑、抑郁程度,所占的比例明显高于接受门诊治疗的患者。

结论 在社区医院长住的患者更容易产生焦虑、抑郁等不良心理状态,与疾病的影响、自身的心理状态、环境的改变、医护人员的心理专业知识水平、家属的情感支持等因素密切相关。

关键词:关键词: 社区医院;长期住院患者;心理干预

ABSTRACT

Abstract:
Objective The long-term hospitalized patients in the community hospital in the patients with cancer , the psychological changes, psychological state of the disease has important influence. Therefore, the long-term hospitalized patients with different psychological state, and take the corresponding psychological nursing, positive, positive mental state of the disease, can help medical personnel in a timely manner to provide better help and guidance. Method

Methods: a questionnaire survey was conducted on 84 patients with long-term hospitalization, and 87 patients were treated by the self rating Anxiety Scale and self rating depression scale. Result Anxiety, depression, and the proportion of long-term hospitalized patients were significantly higher than those in patients receiving outpatient treatment.

Conclusion   In the community hospital stay of the patients are more prone to anxiety, depression and other psychological state, disease and the effects of, its own state of mind, changes in the environment, psychological professional knowledge level of medical staff, family emotional support factors are closely related.

Key words: Key words: community hospital; long-term inpatients; psychological intervention

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

杨晓英,厉燕,项溢,陈燕.社区医院长期住院患者的心理状态调查[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, , (): -

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