本刊首页 > 期刊目次 > 上海嘉定区老年人精神卫生知识知晓状况调查

• 文章 •

上海嘉定区老年人精神卫生知识知晓状况调查

  • 卢艳,赵姣文

* 通信作者: 赵姣文, 单位:上海市嘉定区精神卫生中心 201806

摘要

【摘要】
目的:了解上海市嘉定区老年人的精神卫生知晓状况,为进一步开展精神卫生健康教育提供参考依据。

方法:采用随机抽样的

方法,抽取嘉定区910名60岁及以上老年人进行问卷调查。

结果:该地区老年人精神卫生知识平均知晓率为76.9%;不同受教育程度的老年人群知晓率的组间差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),且文化程 度越高,知晓率水平越高。按照问卷题目类别统计分析得到的正确应答率差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),抑郁症和老年痴呆相关知识的正确应答率偏低,分别为69.8%和77.1%。

结论:嘉定区60岁以上老年人精神卫生知识普及程度总体较好,加强抑郁症和老年痴呆症相关知识,尤其是病因方面的宣教是今后老年人群精神卫生宣教工作的重点。

关键词:【关键词】老年人;精神卫生知识;知晓率;健康教育

ABSTRACT

【Abstract】
Objective: To understand the awareness rate of mental health in elderly in Jiading, Shanghai, and to provide a reference basis for further mental education.

Methods: By random sampling method,910 elderly people aged 60 and above in Jiading district were extracted to carry out the questionnaire survey. Consequence: The average awareness rate of mental health knowledge in elderly is 76.9%; There was statistically significant difference between the groups with different level of education(P<0.05),and the awareness rate was higher in elderly group with higher education level. The difference of correct-response rate according to the category of questions in the questionnaire was statistically significant(P<0.05).The correct response rate related to Depression and Alzheimer's disease is low, respectively is 69.8%and 77.1%.

Conclusion  : The popularity about mental health knowledge in elderly people in Jiading is good in general. Strengthen the knowledge related to depression and Alzheimer's disease, especially the pathogeny knowledge is the focus in the future.

Key words: 【Keywords】elderly people; knowledge of mental health; awareness rate; health education

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

卢艳,赵姣文.上海嘉定区老年人精神卫生知识知晓状况调查[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2018, 45(3): 487-490

参考文献

相关文章