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团体多元护理干预在长期住院慢性精神病患口腔卫生健康中的应用

  • 黄丽娟,孙兵

* 通信作者: 孙兵, 单位:黄石市精神病医院

摘要

摘要:
目的:探讨团体多元护理干预在长期住院慢性精神病患者口腔卫生健康中的应用效果。

方法:选择于我院慢性病房住院治疗的长期住院慢性精神病患者86例作为研究对象,按照随机数字表法,将患者随机分为观察组和对照组,每组各43例,对照组给予常规口腔护理干预,观察组则在常规口腔护理干预的基础上给予为期4周的团体多元护理干预,评价比较两组患者干预前及干预后的第1周、第4周和第8周的口臭情况及口腔健康情况。

结果:干预前,两组患者口臭评分和口腔健康评分并无明显差异,P>0.05,不具有统计学意义,但是干预结束后1周、4周和8周,观察组患者的口臭评分和口腔健康均明显低于对照组,p<0.05,差异具有统计学意义。组内不同时间比较,观察组患者不同时间点口臭评分和口腔健康发生明显变化,P<0.05,具有统计学意义,而对照组则无明显变化,P>0.05,不具有统计学意义。

结论:团体多元护理干预方案在长期住院慢性精神病患者口腔卫生中的应用效果显著,能够明显降低患者的口臭程度,提高患者的口腔健康状况,值得临床推广应用。

关键词:关键词:团体多元护理干预;慢性精神病;口腔卫生

ABSTRACT

Abstract:
Objective: To explore the effect of multivariate nursing intervention in oral health of chronic inpatients with chronic psychosis.

Methods: 86 chronic psychiatric inpatients were selected from hospital chronic wardsm and divided into observation group and control group according to the random number table. The control group was given routine oral nursing intervention , the observation group was given multi-group nursing interventions for 4 weeks on the basis of routine oral nursing intervention, and the bad breath and oral health of the patients in the two groups were compared before and after the first week, the fourth week and the eighth week.

Results:Before intervention,there was no significant difference between the two groups in the scores of bad breath and oral health (P> 0.05), but the scores of bad breath and oral health in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group at 1 week, 4 weeks and 8 weeks after the end of the intervention, p <0.05, the difference was statistically significant. There were significant differences in the scores of oral bad breath and oral health in the observation group at different time points, P <0.05, statistically significant, while the control group had no significant change, P> 0.05, not statistically significant.

Conclusion  : Group multivariate nursing intervention is effective in the oral health of chronic psychotic inpatients, it can significantly reduce the degree of bad breath and improve the oral health of the patients,so it is worthy of popularization and application.

Key words: Key words:Group multivariate nursing intervention; Chronic psychosis; Oral hygiene

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

黄丽娟,孙兵.团体多元护理干预在长期住院慢性精神病患口腔卫生健康中的应用[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2017, 44(6): 1087-1090

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