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冠心病患者心理状况调查及相关因素分析

  • 李娟,韩丽君,刘欣颖,周来凤,胡佳琪

* 通信作者: 李娟, 单位:首都医科大学附属北京天坛医院心内科

摘要

首都医科大学附属北京天坛医院心内科 北京100050 [摘要]
目的:探讨分析冠心病患者心理状况及相关因素。

方法:采用SCL-90症状自评量表调查200名冠心病患者心理状况,并分析其影响因素。

结果: 冠心病患者存在较为严重的心理健康问题,躯体化、强迫症状、人际关系、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、恐怖、偏执、精神病性以及总均分均显著高于全国常默;以SCL-90总分及其各维度得分与患者一般资料进行Spearman相关分析,

结果显示患者的年龄、文化水平、经济收入均是影响患者心理状况的影响因素,各项目差异具有统计学意义(p<0.05)。

结论: 冠心病患者存在较为严重的心理问题,且与其年龄、文化程度、经济收入相关。护理人员应向患者提供针对性的信息支持,以改善其心理状况。

关键词:[关键词]冠心病;心理状况;相关因素

ABSTRACT

[Abstract]
Objective: To analyze the psychological status of parents with Coronary Heart Disease and relative factors.

Methods: Psychological status of 200 patients were investigated by SCL-90, and then we analyzed their relative factors.

Results: Parents with CHD existed relative severe psychological problems, and score of somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal relationships, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobia, paranoia, psychosis were higher than national norm. The correlation analysis showed that age, educational level and economic income were influence factors(p<0.05).

Conclusion  s: The level of psychological problems of parents with CHD were severe and had relationship with age, educational level and economic income. The nursing staff should provide information support to parents and improve their psychological status.

Key words: [Key words] Coronary Heart Disease; psychological status; relative factors

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

李娟,韩丽君,刘欣颖,周来凤,胡佳琪.冠心病患者心理状况调查及相关因素分析[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, , (): -

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