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基于人性化理念的心理护理对高血压脑出血术后患者焦虑状态和满意度的影响

  • 蒲卫虹, 何小玉,许玉玲,何国秀

* 通信作者: 蒲卫虹, 单位:广元市第二人民医院神经外科

摘要

【摘要】
目的:探讨基于人性化理念的心理护理对高血压脑出血术后患者焦虑状态和满意度的影响。

方法:选取2013年9月至2016年3月期间我院确诊治疗的高血压脑出血术后患者120例,依据随机数表法随机分为人性心理组和常规组,每组60例,常规组患者给予常规护理干预,人性心理组患者在此基础上给予基于人性化理念的心理护理干预,采用焦虑自评量表(SAS)评估焦虑状态,采用自制《高血压脑出血术后患者遵医行为问卷》评估遵医行为依从性,采用自制《高血压脑出血术后患者满意问卷》评估满意度,统计分析所有患者遵医行为依从性、满意度和干预前、干预后1、3、6个月的焦虑状态。

结果:人性心理组患者干预后1、3、6个月的SAS得分明显低于常规组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);人性心理组患者遵医行为依从率明显高于常规组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);人性心理组患者满意率明显高于常规组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。

结论:基于人性化理念的心理护理干预可有效改善高血压脑出血术后患者焦虑状态和遵医行为依从性,有利于提高患者的满意度,值得临床作进一步推广。

关键词:【关键词】:人性化理念;心理护理;高血压脑出血;焦虑状态;满意度

ABSTRACT

【 Abstract】objective:To discuss the anxiety status and satisfaction effect of based on the humanized concept psychological nursing in postoperative patients with hypertension cerebral hemorrhage.

Methods: 120 patients with hypertension cerebral hemorrhage were selected from September 2013 to Match 2016 in our Hospitals. According to the random distribution, all patients were divided into human psychological group and routine group, each group of 60 cases, routine groups were given routine nursing intervention,human psychological group on the basis were given based on the humanized concept psychological nursing intervention,the self-assessment lists of anxiety (SAS) was used to assess the state of anxiety, the self-made "postoperative patients with hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage direct the medical behavior questionnaire" compliance was used to assess the according to the medical behavior,the hypertension cerebral hemorrhage patients with postoperative satisfaction questionnaire was used to assess satisfaction, statistical analyzed all patients compliance, satisfaction, and according to the medical behavior intervention before and after the intervention of anxiety in the 1, 3, 6 months.

Results:Human psychological intervention group patients after 1, 3, 6 months of SAS scores were significantly lower than normal group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); Human mental patients according to the medical behavior compliance rate was significantly higher than the normal group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); Human mental patients satisfaction rate was significantly higher than the normal group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Conclusion  s:Based on the humanized concept psychological nursing intervention can effectively improve hypertension cerebral hemorrhage patients with postoperative anxiety status and compliance according to the medical behavior,it is helpful to improve the patient's satisfaction,it’s worth for further clinical promotion.

Key words: 【Keywords】:humanized concept;psychological nursing;hypertension cerebral hemorrhage;anxiety status;satisfaction

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

蒲卫虹, 何小玉,许玉玲,何国秀.基于人性化理念的心理护理对高血压脑出血术后患者焦虑状态和满意度的影响[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2017, 44(3): 546-548

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