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个体化心理对心脏瓣膜置换术患者SAS评分、SDS评分及生活质量的影响

  • 孙彩影,孙桂芝,陈嘉

* 通信作者: 孙彩影, 单位:黑龙江省哈尔滨市医科大学附属第二医院心脏外科二病房

摘要

【摘 要】
目的 探讨个体化心理对心脏瓣膜置换术患者SAS评分、SDS评分及生活质量的影响。

方法 对我院2015年1月至2017年1月收治的80例接受心脏瓣膜置换术治疗的患者的临床资料进行回顾性分析,依据护理

方法将这些患者分为常规护理组(n=40)和常规护理联合个体化心理护理组(联合护理组,n=40)两组,对两组患者的SAS评分、SDS评分及生活质量进行统计分析。

结果 联合护理组患者的SAS评分、SDS评分均显著低于常规护理组(P<0.05),物质生活、躯体功能、心理功能、社会功能评分均显著高于常规护理组(P<0.05)。

结论 个体化心理护理能够有效降低心脏瓣膜置换术患者的SAS评分、SDS评分,提升患者的生活质量,值得在临床推广。

关键词:【关键词】个体化心理;心脏瓣膜置换术;SAS评分;SDS评分;生活质量

ABSTRACT

[Abstract]
Objective To investigate the effects of individual psychology on SAS score, SDS score and quality of life of patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement.

Methods The clinical data of 80 cases of patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement treated in our hospital from January 2015 to January 2017 were analyzed retrospectively, these patients were divided into conventional nursing group (n=40) and conventional nursing combined with individualized psychological nursing group (combined nursing group, n=40) two groups according to nursing methods, the SAS scores, SDS scores and quality of life of the two groups were statistically analyzed.

Results The SAS score, SDS score of the combined nursing group were significantly lower (P<0.05), the material life, physical function, psychological function, social function scores were significantly higher than the conventional nursing group (P<0.05).

Conclusion   Individualized psychological nursing can effectively reduce the SAS score, SDS score and improve the quality of life of patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement, so is worthy of promotion in the clinical.

Key words: [Keywords] Individual psychology; Cardiac valve replacement; SAS score; SDS score; Quality of life

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

孙彩影,孙桂芝,陈嘉.个体化心理对心脏瓣膜置换术患者SAS评分、SDS评分及生活质量的影响 [J]. 国际精神病学杂志, , (): -

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