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临床护理路径对老年精神分裂症患者健康教育及护理服务满意度的应用价值

  • 贾静,强晓玲,郭兰,马婷,贾 静

* 通信作者: 贾 静, 单位:第四军医大学第一附属医院西京医院 心身科

摘要

【摘要】
目的:研究并探讨临床护理路径对老年精神分裂症患者健康教育及护理服务满意度的应用价值。

方法:选取2013年1月~2016年9月期间我院住院部接收的100例老年精神分裂症患者作为研究对象,采取计算机单盲分组法随机分为各有50例患者的对照组、观察组,对照组采取常规护理措施,观察组采取临床护理路径模式护理,比较两组患者的精神障碍情况、健康知识知晓情况、生活质量评分以及护理服务满意度。

结果:精神障碍方面,两组患者干预后的WHO-DAS II评分、PANSS评分较干预前均显著下降(P<0.05),而在干预后两组之间比较,观察组两项评分均低于对照组(P<0.05)。健康知识知晓情况方面,观察组的健康知识知晓率相对于对照组显著提高(P<0.05)。生活质量方面,观察组在心理健康、躯体健康、社会功能以及物质生活等方面的评分均优于对照组(P<0.05)。护理服务满意度评价

结果显示,观察组的护理服务满意度高于对照组(P<0.05)。

结论:应用临床护理路径模式对老年精神分裂症患者进行干预,可有效提高其健康知识知晓率,从而减轻其精神障碍,提高生活质量水平,还可提高患者对护理服务的评价。

关键词:【关键词】老年患者;精神分裂症;临床护理路径;护理

ABSTRACT

[Abstract]
Objective: To study and explore the application value of clinical nursing path for health education and nursing service satisfaction of schizophrenia patients of elderly mental.

Methods: from January 2013 September ~2016 year in our hospital inpatient department received 100 cases of elderly patients with schizophrenia as object, adopt computer single blind grouping method were randomly divided into the observation group a control group of 50 patients, the control group received the routine nursing, the observation group adopted clinical nursing pathway nursing, compared two groups of patients with mental disorders, the awareness of health knowledge, quality of life score and nursing satisfaction.

Results: mental disorders, the intervention of WHO-DAS II score of two groups, PANSS scores before intervention were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and after the intervention between the two groups, the observation group of two scores were lower than the control group (P<0.05). The situation of health knowledge Condition, rate compared to the control group significantly improve the health knowledge of the observation group (P<0.05). The quality of life in the observation group, mental health, physical health, social function and material life, the scores were better than the control group (P<0.05). The nursing service satisfaction evaluation results showed that the nursing service satisfaction is higher than the observation group the control group (P<0.05).

Conclusion  : the application of clinical nursing pathway in elderly patients with schizophrenia intervention can effectively improve the awareness rate of health knowledge, so as to reduce the level of mental disorders, improve the quality of life, but also can improve the evaluation of patients to nursing service.

Key words: Key words: Elderly patients; schizophrenia; clinical nursing pathway; nursing care

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

贾静,强晓玲,郭兰,马婷,贾 静.临床护理路径对老年精神分裂症患者健康教育及护理服务满意度的应用价值[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2018, 45(6): 1096-1098

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