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高血压脑出血患者采用综合护理干预的效果观察

  • 郑亚东,王岭梅,高英,肖红,邓建平

* 通信作者: 王岭梅, 单位:重庆市急救医疗中心

摘要

摘要:
目的:探讨高血压脑出血患者采用综合护理干预的效果。

方法:选择本院2016年2月-2017年2月医院收治的高血压脑出血患者136例,按照随机对照的原则将其分为干预组和对照组,对照组给予常规护理,干预组采用综合护理干预。使用焦虑自评量表(SAS)和抑郁自评量表(SDS)对患者的精神状态进行评价,使用生活质量指数评分评价患者生活质量(QOL),采用调查问卷的方式计算患者护理满意度。

结果:护理前,两组患者SDS和SAS、QOL评分无差别(P>0.05);护理后,两组患者QOL均有提高,干预组患者QOL评分高于对照组,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05),且护理后两组患者SDS和SAS评分均有明显的下降,干预组SDS和SAS评分明显低于对照组(P<0.05);对照组患者护理满意度为83.61%低于干预组的98.67%,差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05)。

结论:对高血压脑出血患者采用综合护理干预,提高患者精神状态,并且可以改善患者的预后和生活质量,值得临床推广。

关键词:关键词:高血压脑出血;护理;干预;生活质量;负性情绪

ABSTRACT

Abstract:
Objective:
Objective to investigate the effect of comprehensive nursing intervention on patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage.

Methods: 136 patients in our hospital in February 2016 -2017 year in February the hospital treated hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage, according to the principle of random control is divided into intervention group and control group, the control group was given routine nursing, the observation group received comprehensive nursing intervention. Using the self anxiety scale (SAS) and self depression Scale (SDS) to evaluate the mental status of the patients, the use of the quality of life index score in the evaluation of patients' quality of life (QOL), by using a questionnaire to calculate nursing satisfaction of patients.

Results: before treatment, two groups of patients with SDS and SAS and QOL scores had no difference (P>0.05); nursing, two patients of QOL were increased, QOL score in intervention group were higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), was two patients with SDS and SAS scores were lower after nursing and intervention group. SDS and SAS were significantly lower than the control group (P<0.05); control group patients satisfaction was 83.61% lower than 98.67% in the intervention group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05).

Conclusion  : Comprehensive nursing intervention on hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage can improve the mental status of patients, and improve the prognosis and quality of life of patients. It is worthy of clinical promotion.

Key words: Key words: Hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage; nursing; intervention; quality of life; negative emotion

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

郑亚东,王岭梅,高英,肖红,邓建平.高血压脑出血患者采用综合护理干预的效果观察[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2019, 46(2): 354-356

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