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新疆省某三甲医院临床医生职业工作压力及其与抑郁症状与高血压的相关性研究

  • 张颖,王淑霞,孙焕文,王红

* 通信作者: 张颖, 单位:新疆医科大学第一附属医院

摘要

【摘要】
目的:描述新疆省某三甲医院临床医生职业工作压力,以及与抑郁症状与高血压的相关性。

方法:采用描述性相关性研究设计。采用临床医生工作压力源量表、心身症状自评量表(SCL-90)、Znug抑郁自评量表(SDS)对2016年1月~2016年12月对于新疆省某三甲医院临床医生进行问卷调查。采用动态血压监测仪进行24小时血压水平监测,监测全天收缩压、舒张压,白天及夜间收缩压、舒张压,血压变异性等指标。应用统计软件进行全部数据的统计学分析。

结果:受试者工作压力总分为85.82±27.00分;抑郁发生率为46.7%,主要为轻度和中度抑郁。发病率明显高于国内常模,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);高血压发病率为25.0%。相关性分析显示,工作压力、抑郁症状、高血压呈正相关,说明临床医生的工作压力越大,抑郁和高血压的情况越严重。

结论:新疆省某三甲医院临床医生的高血压和抑郁水平均高于国内平均水平。工作压力与抑郁症状、高血压呈一定的相关性。

关键词:【关键词】职业工作压力;高血压;抑郁

ABSTRACT

【Abstract】
Objective: To describe the occupational stress of clinicians in a top three hospitals in Xinjiang, and the relationship between depressive symptoms and hypertension.

Methods: Descriptive relevance studies were used. (SCL-90) and Znug Depression Self-Rating Scale (SDS) were used to investigate the clinicians of a top three hospital in Xinjiang from January to December in 2016. The questionnaire survey. The blood pressure level was monitored by 24-hour blood pressure monitor, and the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, daytime and nighttime systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and blood pressure variability were monitored. Statistical analysis software was used to analyze all the data.

Results: The total stress of the subjects was 85.82 ± 27.00 points; the incidence of depression was 46.7%, mainly mild and moderate depression. The incidence of hypertension was significantly higher than that of the domestic norm (P <0.05). The incidence of hypertension was 25.0%. Correlation analysis showed that stress, depressive symptoms, and hypertension were positively correlated, indicating that the greater the stress of the clinician, the more severe the depression and hypertension.

Conclusion  : Hypertension and depression of clinicians in a top three hospitals in Xinjiang are higher than the national average. Work stress and depression symptoms, hypertension was a certain correlation.

Key words: 【Key words】 Occupational work stress; Hypertension; Depression

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

张颖,王淑霞,孙焕文,王红.新疆省某三甲医院临床医生职业工作压力及其与抑郁症状与高血压的相关性研究[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2018, 45(1): 81-83

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