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142例女性焦虑障碍患者甲状腺激素水平及相关因素分析

  • 刘彩兴,李玉焕

* 通信作者: 刘彩兴, 单位:山东省青岛市精神卫生中心 266034

摘要

【摘要】
目的 探究女性焦虑障碍患者心理社会因素特点及甲状腺激素水平。

方法 选取女性焦虑障碍患者142例,同时选取140例健康女性志愿者作为对照,采用放射免疫法分析其血清三碘甲状腺原氨酸(T3)、甲状腺激素(T4)、游离三碘甲状腺原(FT3)、游离甲状腺激素(FT4)、促甲状腺激素(TSH)的水平,并采用社会支持评定量表(SSRS)和生活再适应量表(SRRS)对研究对象进行心理学调查。

结果 与正常健康女性相比,女性焦虑障碍患者经历的生活事件多,获得的社会支持少(P<0.05),这些都是增加焦虑情绪发生的危险因子;两组间甲状腺激素水平的比较

结果显示,女性焦虑障碍患者组T4水平显著高于对照组(P<0.05)。

结论 生活事件多和社会支持少既是女性焦虑障碍的主要特点,也是诱发女性焦虑情绪的危险因子;焦虑障碍的女性甲状腺激素水平较高,有利于女性焦虑障碍的鉴别和诊断。

关键词:女性焦虑障碍; 心理特点; 甲状腺激素

ABSTRACT

[Abstract]
Objective To explore the characteristics of psychological and social factors and the level of thyroid hormone in female patients with anxiety disorder.

Methods 142 female patients with anxiety disorder were selected, and a total of 140 healthy female volunteers were selected as control group. Radio-immunity technique was used to test the concentration of serum T3, T4, FT3, FT4, TSH. The subjects were investigated by the Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) and Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS).

Results Compared with healthy women, female patients with anxiety disorder experienced more life events, get less social support (P<0.05).These were the risk factors of anxiety. The concentration of T4 in female patients with anxiety disorder was significantly higher than the control group(P<0.05).

Conclusion   More life events and less social support are the main features and the risk factors of female anxiety. The levels of thyroid hormone in female patients with anxiety disorder are higher, which can be used as the identification and diagnosis of female anxiety disorder.

Key words: Female anxiety disorders; Psychological characteristics; Thyroid hormone

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

刘彩兴,李玉焕.142例女性焦虑障碍患者甲状腺激素水平及相关因素分析[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2018, 45(5): 875-877

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