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北京市某社区高血压患病情况及相关因素现状分析

  • 史赢,高莉敏

* 通信作者: 高莉敏, 单位:北京中医药大学

摘要

摘要
目的 分析北京市某社区居民高血压患病情况,并对相关因素进行分析,为疾病管理提供科学依据。

方法 采用分层随机

方法抽取某社区常住居民1206人进行体格检查,检查内容包括身高、体重及血压等,所有入选者均填写调查问卷,问卷内容包括两个方面,①基本情况:性别、年龄、婚姻状况、文化程度、职业状况、家庭收入。②生活行为:饮食习惯、生活习惯、休息时间。收集问卷后进行统计分析。

结果 本次受检人群中286名诊断为高血压,患病率为23.71%(286/1206),高血压疾病呈现年轻化趋势发展,体重指数、年龄、不良生活行为及不良饮食习惯是高血压的危险因素。

结论 针对性向调查对象开展健康教育,宣传高血压疾病相关知识,倡导健康生活方式,如加强锻炼,控制体重,限盐饮食,戒烟、戒酒、平衡饮食等,有效预防和治疗高血压疾病。

关键词:关键词 高血压;患病率;因素分析;统计学

ABSTRACT

Abstract objective To analyze the prevalence of hypertension in a community of Beijing, and to analyze the related factors so as to provide a scientific basis for the management of the disease.

Methods We used stratified random method to extract 1206 residents from a community for physical examination, The tests include height, weight and blood pressure. All the participants filled out a questionnaire, which included two aspects, ① Basic situation: sex, age, marital status, educational background, occupation status and family income. ②Life behaviors: eating habits, living habits and resting time. We collected questionnaires and analyzed them.

Results The 286 diagnostic groups for hypertension, the prevalence rate was 23.71% (286/1206), hypertension showed younger trend, body mass index, age, bad behavior and bad eating habits are risk factors of hypertension.

Conclusion   To carry out health education to the survey, related to hypertension knowledge propaganda, to promote a healthy lifestyle, such as exercise, weight control, salt restriction diet, smoking, drinking, eating a balanced diet, effective prevention and treatment of hypertension.

Key words: Keywords hypertension; prevalence; factor analysis; statistics;

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

史赢,高莉敏.北京市某社区高血压患病情况及相关因素现状分析[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, , (): -

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