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健康教育对肺癌术后患者心理状况及生存质量的影响

  • 李晓青,巨亚丽,王秀娟,曹倩

* 通信作者: 李晓青, 单位:宝鸡市中心医院 721008

摘要

【摘要】
目的:探讨肺癌术后患者实施健康教育的临床意义,分析其对心理状况及生存质量的影响。

方法:将我院于2012年1月至2015年5月期间收治的114例行肺癌术的患者随机分成研究组和对照组,对照组采用常规干预措施,研究组在对照组基础上进行健康教育。使用汉米尔度焦虑量表(HAMA)、汉米尔度抑郁量表(HAMD)评估患者干预前后的心理状况,同时使用欧洲癌症生存质量问卷比较两组的生存质量。

结果:实施干预前,两组患者的HAMA、HAMD、生活质量评分无明显差异(P>0.05),通过干预后,研究组的HAMA、HAMD评分明显低于对照组(P<0.01),认知功能、躯体功能、情绪功能、角色功能及整体功能评分均显著优于对照组(P<0.01)。

结论:健康教育可以有效缓解肺癌术后患者的负面情绪,改善生存质量。

关键词:【关键词】肺癌术后患者;健康教育;心理状况;生存质量

ABSTRACT

【Abstract】
Objective To explore the Effect of health education on the psychological state and survival quality of postoperative patients with lung cancer.

Methods 114 cases of postoperative patients with lung cancer of our hospital from January 2012 to May 2015 were divided into research group and control group, patients in control group received conventional intervention, while those in research group received health education on the basis of conventional intervention. The psychological states of these two groups were evaluated with HAMA and HAMD scales. Meanwhile, the survival quality was evaluated with European cancer life quality questionnaire.

Results: Before the implementation of intervention, there was no statistical differences in HAMA, HAMD and survival quality between the two groups (P>0.05). After intervention, the HAMA and HAMD scores of research group were considerably lower than control group (P<0.01), survival quality scores were significantly higher than control group (P<0.01).

Conclusion  : Heath education could effectively alleviate the negative emotions and enhance survival quality of postoperative patients with lung cancer.

Key words: 【Key words】Postoperative patients with lung cancer; Health education; Psychological state; Survival quality

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

李晓青,巨亚丽,王秀娟,曹倩.健康教育对肺癌术后患者心理状况及生存质量的影响[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2016, 43(5): 939-941

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