本刊首页 > 期刊目次 > 个性化护理干预对冠脉硬化住院患者SAQ评分与生活质量的影响

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个性化护理干预对冠脉硬化住院患者SAQ评分与生活质量的影响

  • 肖春梅,陈美玲,徐敏,昝引弟,张茹君,郑立娟,李玲,郎明健

* 通信作者: 李玲, 单位:湖北省十堰市国药东风总医院 442008

摘要


目的:探讨个性化护理干预对冠脉硬化住院患者西雅图量表(SAQ)评分与生活质量的影响。

方法:采用随机抽样研究

方法,2014年2月到2017年8月选择在我院住院接受治疗的172例冠心病患者当作研究对象,以随机的方式把患者分成观察组、对照组,都是86例,在对照组,为患者提供常规护理,而在观察组,不仅提供常规护理,而且还进行个性化护理干预,同时,两组患者的护理及观察时间为14d。

结果:观察组住院期间的用药、健康行为、饮食遵医依从性分别为100.0%、97.7%、97.7%,对照组为90.7%、86.0%和84.9%,观察组显著高于对照组(P<0.05)。两组护理后的SAQ评分都显著高于护理前(P<0.05),护理后观察组评分也显著高于对照组(P<0.05)。观察组护理后的强迫症状、人际关系敏感、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、恐怖与精神病性评分都比对照组低得多(P<0.05)。

结论:在护理冠脉硬化住院患者时应用个性化护理能够提升SAQ评分,并改善患者的遵医依从性与治疗效果,从而改善患者的生活质量,有利于全面康复。

关键词:个性化护理;冠脉硬化;SAQ评分;遵医依从性;生活质量

ABSTRACT


Objective: To explore the effects of individualized nursing intervention on Seattle scale (SAQ) score and quality of life in patients with coronary atherosclerosis.

Methods: Used a random sampling study, From February 2014 to August 2017,172 cases of patients with coronary heart disease treated in our hospital were selected as the research object, all the cases were randomly divided into control group and observation group with 86 cases in each groups, the control group was given the routine nursing, the observation group was given actively individualized nursing intervention based on the control group, two groups of hospital nursing observation timed were14d.

Results: The medication compliance, health behaviors and dietary compliance of the observation group were 100%, 97.7% and 97.7%, respectively, while those in the control group were 90.7%, 86% and 84.9%, which the observation grou were significantly higher than in the control group (P<0.05). The score of SAQ after nursing in two groups were significantly higher than that before nursing (P<0.05), and the score of the observation group after nursing was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). The scores of obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, horror and psychosis in the observation group after nursing were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05).

Conclusion  : The application of personalized nursing intervention in patients with coronary atherosclerosis can improve the SAQ score, improve the compliance and treatment effect of patients, so as to improve the quality of life of patients, and it is conducive to comprehensive rehabilitation.

Key words: Individualized nursing; coronary hardening; SAQ score; compliance; quality of life

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

肖春梅,陈美玲,徐敏,昝引弟,张茹君,郑立娟,李玲,郎明健.个性化护理干预对冠脉硬化住院患者SAQ评分与生活质量的影响[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, , (): -

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