本刊首页 > 期刊目次 > 虚拟现实疗法对长期住院精神分裂症患者生活质量和抑郁情绪的影响

• 文章 •

虚拟现实疗法对长期住院精神分裂症患者生活质量和抑郁情绪的影响

  • 汲鹏飞,李凌,刘小恩,李金浩

* 通信作者: 李凌, 单位:华北理工大学附属医院 063000

摘要


目的 探讨虚拟现实疗法对长期住院精神分裂症患者生活质量和抑郁情绪的影响。

方法 选取60例长期住院精神分裂症患者,将其随机分到实验组和对照组各30例,其中对照组患者仅接受常规的药物治疗和工娱疗法,实验组患者在对照组基础上接受虚拟现实疗法,在接受虚拟现实治疗前、治疗1个月、治疗3个月时对患者两组患者进行精神分裂症生活质量量表(SQLS)和卡尔加里精神分裂症抑郁量表(CDSS)测量。

结果 治疗前、治疗1个月后,两组患者生活质量和抑郁情绪差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);治疗3个月后,实验组生活质量高于对照组,抑郁情绪低于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);实验组治疗前、治疗1个月后生活质量、抑郁情绪的差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),实验组治疗3个月后生活质量高于治疗前,抑郁情绪低于治疗前,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。

结论 虚拟现实疗法可以提高长期住院患者的生活质量,降低患者的抑郁情绪。

关键词:虚拟现实;精神分裂症;生活质量;抑郁情绪

ABSTRACT


Objective To explore the effect of virtual reality therapy on quality of life and depression in patients with long-term hospitalized schizophrenia.

Methods Sixty patients with long-term hospitalized schizophrenia were randomly divided into the experimental group (n=30) and the control group (n=30). The control group received only conventional drug therapy and recreational treatment. The experimental group received virtual therapy on the basis of the control group. The schizophrenia quality of life scale (SQLS) and the Calgary Depression Scale (CDSS) were measured in both groups of patients before treatment, 1 month of treatment, and 3 months of treatment.

Results There was no significant difference in quality of life and depression between the two groups before treatment and 1 month after treatment. After 3 months of treatment, the quality of life of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group, and the depression was lower than that of the control group . There was no significant difference in quality of life and depression between the experimental group and the treatment group before treatment and 1 month after treatment. The quality of life in the experimental group was higher than that before treatment, and the depression was lower than before treatment after 3 months of treatment.

Conclusion   Virtual reality therapy can improve the quality of life of long-term hospitalized patients and reduce their depression.

Key words: Virtual reality ; Schizophrenia ; Quality of life ; Depression

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

汲鹏飞,李凌,刘小恩,李金浩.虚拟现实疗法对长期住院精神分裂症患者生活质量和抑郁情绪的影响[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2019, 46(2): 249-251

参考文献

相关文章