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某水面舰艇官兵远洋训练一月时睡眠质量和生活质量的关系研究

  • 赵彬,欧阳晖,毕银花,蔡占魁,丁松柏,阎同军

* 通信作者: 赵彬, 单位:解放军第904医院 213003

摘要


目的 了解水面舰艇官兵远洋训练一月时的睡眠质量状况,并进一步分析其与生活质量的关系,为提高水面舰艇官兵的睡眠质量、生活质量并提高部队战斗力提供参考。

方法 采用随机整群抽样法,抽取某水面舰艇部队官兵136名,应用匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI) 和健康状况简表SF-36(SF-36)进行睡眠质量和生活质量调查,以PSQI>7界定为判断睡眠质量问题的标准。

结果 水面舰艇官兵睡眠障碍检出率为56.25%;除情感职能、精神健康维度外,睡眠障碍组的SF-36总分、生理健康总评、心理健康总评及各维度得分均低于睡眠正常组(t=-4.84~-2.08,P<0.05)。Pearson分析

结果显示,除服用催眠药物与精神健康维度正相关外,睡眠质量各因子与生活质量多数维度间呈负相关(P<0.05)。

结论 水面舰艇官兵远洋训练一月时的睡眠质量差,睡眠质量差者生活质量亦较差,因此需对新兵的睡眠质量加强干预。

关键词:睡眠质量;生活质量;舰艇官兵;匹兹堡睡眠质量指数;健康状况简表(SF-36)

ABSTRACT


Objective To study sleep quality in commissioned officers and sailors aboard naval vessels afer 1 month in ocean training and analyzes the relationship between sleep quality and quality of life in order to provide references for improvement for sleep quality、quality of life and fighting capacity.

Methods 136 commissioned officers and sailors aboard naval vessels were selected by random cluster sampling method.their sleep quality and quality of life were investigated by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index(PSQI) and the medieal outcome study short form health survey (SF-36).Total PSQI>7 points was taken as the criteria of poor sleep quality.

Results The rate of poor sleep quality was 56.25%;In addition to emotional problems 、mental health,the total core of SF-36、Physical Component Summary、Mental Component Summary and six dimensions of officers and sailors in poor sleep quality were significantly lower than normal sleep group(t=-4.84~-2.08,P<0.05);Excep the score of taking hypnotic drugs was positively correlaed to the dimension of mental health ,the total score of PSQI and each facor score were negatively correlated to the total score of SF-36 and other dimensions(P<0.05).

Conclusion   sleep quality of commissioned officers and sailors aboard naval vessels are poor, those with sleep disorder are usually poor in quality of life,therefore intervention of sleep quality in commissioned officers and sailors aboard naval vessels in ocean training must be strengthened.

Key words: Sleep quality;Quality of life;Commissioned officers and sailors aboard naval vessels; Pittsburgh Sleep Quality index(PSQI);The medieal outcome study short form health survey(SF-36)

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

赵彬,欧阳晖,毕银花,蔡占魁,丁松柏,阎同军.某水面舰艇官兵远洋训练一月时睡眠质量和生活质量的关系研究[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2019, 46(4): 616-618

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