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NICU护士心理健康状况和影响因素

  • 崔欢欢

* 通信作者: 崔欢欢, 单位:郑州大学第三附属医院NICU

摘要

【摘要】
目的:探讨NICU护士心理健康状况和影响因素。

方法:本文将2018年3月至2020年6月NICU的护理人员59例作为研究对象,通过问卷调查的方式了解NICU护士的心理健康状况,明确影响心理健康状况的相关因素,与国内常模相关因子进行比较,分析SCL-90量表各个心理因子、对护理工作的满意度、护理工作积极性评分、护理质量评分及职业倦怠发生率。

结果:SCL-90量表各个心理因子相比,NICU护士总项目得分、躯体化、强迫症状、焦虑、抑郁、恐惧评分较国内常模低,P<0.05;人际关系敏感、敌对、偏执与精神病性评分与国内常模之间无明显差异,P>0.05;护理工作总满意度为98.31%;护理工作积极性评分为(96.11±3.12)分;护理质量评分中基础护理为(94.81±3.08)分,安全护理为(96.53±4.48)分,服务态度为(96.72±4.39)分,专业技术为(97.84±5.13)分;职业倦怠发生率为1.69%。

结论:通过分析NICU护士的心理健康状况,对影响心理健康状况的相关因素进行分析,给予针对性预防策略,提高重视程度并加强心理疏导,最大程度上缓解其出现的焦虑与抑郁、紧张情绪,提高其工作积极性,降低职业倦怠发生率,进而不断提高工作质量。

关键词:关键词:新生儿童;NICU;护士;心理健康状况;影响因素

ABSTRACT

[Abstract]
Objective: To explore the mental health status and influencing factors of nurses in NICU.

Methods: 59 cases of nurses in NICU from March 2018 to June 2020 were selected as the research objects. The mental health status of nurses in NICU was investigated by questionnaire survey, and the related factors influencing the mental health status were identified. Compared with the related factors of domestic norm, the psychological factors of SCL-90 scale, the satisfaction degree of nursing work, the score of nursing enthusiasm and nursing care were analyzed Physical quality score and the incidence of job burnout.

Results: the scores of total item, somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, anxiety, depression and fear of NICU nurses were lower than the domestic norm (P < 0.05); there was no significant difference in the scores of interpersonal sensitivity, hostility, paranoia and psychoticism between the two groups (P > 0.05); the total satisfaction of nursing work was 98.31%; the score of nursing enthusiasm was The nursing quality score was (96.11 ± 3.12), the basic nursing score was (94.81 ± 3.08), the safety nursing was (96.53 ± 4.48), the service attitude was (96.72 ± 4.39) and the professional skill was (97.84 ± 5.13). The incidence of job burnout was 1.69%.

Conclusion  : through the analysis of the psychological health status of NICU nurses, the related factors affecting the mental health status were analyzed, and targeted prevention strategies were given to improve the degree of attention and strengthen psychological counseling, so as to alleviate their anxiety, depression and tension to the greatest extent, improve their work enthusiasm, reduce the incidence of job burnout, and then continuously improve the quality of work.

Key words: Key words: newborn children; NICU; nurses; mental health status; influencing factors

引用本文 / How to Cite This Article

崔欢欢.NICU护士心理健康状况和影响因素[J]. 国际精神病学杂志, 2021, 48(4): 747-749

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